Fertilization — Types, Application Specs & Nuances

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Correct systematic fertilization provides improved soil fertility and increased crop yields. However, to make it work, you should take into account the key characteristics of the soil when applying fertilizers. It is necessary to have a clear idea of the current degree of soil fertility, its components, the reaction of the environment, the age of the plantings, etc. All these parameters will help you choose the most appropriate fertilizers and apply them smartly.

Basic Plant Fertilization Data

Like each human organism, each plant has its own characteristics. Therefore, there are no clear rules and norms for fertilization. When applying fertilizers, a specialist is guided by knowledge about the nature of each particular plant and its needs.

There may be some recommendations about the timing of fertilization and the procedure. It is advisable to apply fertilizers during periods of maximum growth and use the expandable garden hose 100 ft

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In summer, it is advisable only to loosen the soil and water the trees. The application of fertilizers, abundant watering, the use of growth stimulators makes it possible to continue the periods of maximum growth of the suction roots. During spring and summer months, the application of ground nutrients and water contributes to the intensive growth of shoots, the formation of leaves, early flowering, and increase the resistance and decorativeness of trees. Thus, plants become more resistant in unfavorable winter periods and extreme temperatures.

Fertilizer Types 

All fertilizers are divided into different groups:

  • Organic;
  • Mineral;
  • Organo-mineral;
  • Bacterial;
  • Micronutrient.

Organic fertilizers improve the key properties and structure of the soil; they enrich the soil with readily soluble nutrients and humus and are also a source of energy. Organic fertilizer nutrients are readily available to plants after mineralization. The most common organic fertilizer is manure. It contains a large number of microorganisms that help to ensure the decomposition of organic matter into individual, easily assimilated elements by plants. Manure also contains cobalt, copper, molybdenum, boron, and manganese. 

Organic fertilizers should be applied during a warm period — either in early autumn or in spring. When organic fertilizer is applied in spring, it decomposes faster and supplies the plants with soluble nutrients better. In spring and early summer, plants require abundant nutrition as this is the period of their active growth. Depending on different conditions, organic fertilizers are applied annually, every other year, or once every 3-4 years, with the dose being increased accordingly. 

Mineral fertilizers are necessary for the soil to replenish the supply of nutrients, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Plants consume nutrients in different quantities at different stages of life. They absorb nitrogen most of all during the period of active growth — from the moment of germination of seeds to the formation of the first flowers. Plants need phosphorus during germination. During the preparation of plants for winter, potassium plays an important role. So, you need to take care that they get everything needed when deciding on a fertilizer type and its application.

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